By Buenos Aires Herald
Same-sex marriage, assisted fertilization, the right to choose the order of the surnames that a child will have and the protection of the environment are some of the rights consecrated in the new Civil and Commercial Code that will come into effect today and change several key laws and rules on everyday life.
“This is the Code of democracy,” said Justice Secretary Julián Álvarez, one of several government officials who celebrated the enactment of the Code that was drafted by a commission that was led by Supreme Court Chief Justice Ricardo Lorenzetti over one year.
Justice Minister Julio Alak’s number two said the code updated the country’s norms to the 21st century.
“There are no longer differences between men and women. The new Code has an updated language,” the member of the Kirchnerite youth organization La Cámpora said. “If someone wants to get divorced, he or she will be able to do it without needing to feel ashamed.”
Álvarez also said that the Code expands the rights of children and youth in line with international conventions.
“You can’t start to have rights only when you turn 18,” he explained.
President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner did not make any reference to the new Code yesterday, which she signed into law last year in a ceremony at the Pink House.
Earlier this year, Lorenzetti and Supreme Court Chief Justice Elena Highton de Nolasco headed an event to introduce the new Code to judges at the central courthouse and praised it as a “paradigmatic change.”
The Code — which unified the Civil and Commercial Code — was welcomed by several sectors as it brings order to a reality that did not exist when Dalmacio Vélez Sarsfield wrote the original version in 1869. It did, however, come under fire from conservative sectors — such as the Catholic Church — and also criticized by progressive groups for having left behind several issues.
The new Code incorporates the right of same-sex couples to get married in tune with a law passed in 2010 by the ruling Victory Front (FpV) and its progressive allies.
“The Code not only respects the idea of equality and non-discrimination for sex or gender orientation but also incorporates regulations to assisted fertilization techniques,” expert Marisa Herrera explained to the Herald last year.
The Code also simplifies divorce, which was one of the issues that angered Catholic leaders.
Adopting a child has been a n onerous process for people over the past few years. Reformers sought to simplify the paperwork and grants not only married couples the right to adopt a child. The new Code highlights that... (Read More)
By Buenos Aires Herald